December 16, 2013

Getty Villa and my Personal Reflection

This fall, while I was in L.A. to be interviewed for the program Ancient Aliens, I took some time to visit a place that I have always wanted to see —The Getty Villa.

Although I had lived in L.A. some years ago, my life's circumstances prevented me from visiting. It was a beautiful experience in so many ways. It may come as no surprise that someone who has studied antiquity would enjoy this museum. However, I felt it meant something even more personal to me.

When I was a child, I went to a private school where most of the other children came from wealthier families. I was often bullied for being too quiet and bookish. It also didn't help that my teeth were rather large. I became a real target when I was seen carrying my favorite book, Bulfinch's Mythology. This book was huge! It contained quite readable versions of various myths, especially, Greek myths. I loved this book so much that I would carry it everywhere, even on the playground.

One day, some children stole my book and pushed me off playground equipment, cracking a small chip from my front tooth that can still be seen today. Still, I carried my huge volume of Bulfinch's Mythology, in protest.

It's a little silly, but it's time like these that make us into the people we are. My love of classical antiquity and mythology has endured since childhood. As I perused the beautiful halls of the Getty Villa in solitude, carefully examining each artifact, I felt a sense of 'being me', of coming full circle in so many ways.
I will not "fix" my front tooth, as it serves as a constant reminder. In every one of my smiles, the world will always be able to see my deep love of history, learning, and perseverance.

Take a look, at some of my favorite pictures from the museum below.

November 12, 2013

Climate Change and The Black Death (Update as of March, 2014)

Albeit a substantial killer by way of approximate body count, the plague was not the most destabilizing event of the Fourteenth Century. It may not have had a direct death toll, but climate change (different from the highly politicized ‘global warming’) could be considered as the first domino to fall in a series of traumatic and destabilizing events leading to what would be known as The Black Death.

During the fourteenth century, the Medieval Warm Period was transitioning into what would later be the Little Ice Age. During this period, Europe’s climate underwent substantial and sudden changes. The weather became wetter and cooler. Artist's renderings of the time have often depicted people wearing heavier clothing, as well as gray skies, and snow cover, providing clues as to the weather of the time.. With this climate change, came subsequent crop failures since the crops either froze or were drowned with the increase in precipitation. These crop failures led to the Great Famine, which persisted until the early 1320.  Grain stores were soaked and would rot, leaving less grain for the rodents to scavenge. This encouraged the rodents to move in to more densely populated areas looking for food while carrying their plague infested fleas with them to spread among the population. It would appear logical that in this sequence of events, that climate change was technically the most destabilizing event of the Fourteenth Century.

Further research into the physical evidence of such a connection came by way of a news item from the BBC. It cited recent research into the connection between climate change and the plague. The results put an interesting element of hard science to the argument, making a case that this sequence of events leading to the Black Death warranted more study.

In the article, a Dr. Thomas van Hoof and a team from Utrecht University, Netherlands, studied pollen grains and leaf remains collected from lake-bed sediments in the southeast Netherlands. They recorded the fluctuations in the abundance of cereal and tree pollen such as buckwheat and pollen from birch and oak trees. In doing so, the researchers were able to estimate changes in land-use between 1000C.E. and 1500C.E. Counting the stomata, or pores on ancient oak leaves provided the researchers a baseline with which to measure chances in the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide during the Fourteenth Century. This is possible since leaves absorb carbon dioxide through their stomata, and their density varies as carbon dioxide goes up and down.

The researchers found an expected increase in cereal pollen from 1200 which reflected the agricultural expansion. However, this was followed by a sudden dive around 1347.  According to Dr. van Hoof, there is a noticeable decrease in stomata and a sharp rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide between 1200C.E. and 1300C.E. This is believed to be due to deforestation. This pattern appeared to reverse after 1350, suggesting that atmospheric carbon dioxide fell, perhaps due to reforestation following the plague.

The researchers theorize that the drop in carbon dioxide levels could help to explain why the climate started to cool so suddenly. This new data has given scholars a quantitative data point with which to base further study.  The new data adds weight to the theory that the Black Death could have played an important part in the changing of the climate, as opposed to the climate leading to the Black Death. Dr. Tim Lenton, an environmental scientist from the University of East Anglia, UK, said: "It is a nice study and the carbon dioxide changes could certainly be a contributory factor, but I think they are too modest to explain all the climate change seen."1. By contrast, Professor Richard Houghton, a climate expert from Woods Hole Research Center in Massachusetts, thinks that it may have been oceanic changes which led to climate change.

While there is no consensus, new scientific studies are being conducted to help better understand the causes behind both climate change and the Black Death so that we can avoid such future calamity. As it stands from my perspective, the Fourteenth Century was marked by a procession of traumatic events. However, I believe that it was climate change that set the procession into motion, thereby making it most deserving of the title; most destabilizing.
1. Ravilious, Kate. "BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Europe's chill linked to disease." BBC News. 


October 19, 2013

Radio Interview Tonight

Listen in live at midnight eastern time, Saturday, October 19th, where I will be interviewed on Ravenstar's Witching Hour with Solaris Blueraven.

It should be an interesting show. Solaris is a great interviewer and I always have a fun time speaking with her.

October 14, 2013

Back from L.A. and Ancient Aliens


I am back from L.A. and busy working on many projects. Currently, Anthrotheology is in some last minute edits and I have come across some mind-blowing information for my follow-up to the Sumerian Controversy, after an eye-opening lunch with Linda Moulton Howe. She had tremendous insight into some of the questions I have had surrounding the latest discoveries in both Ur and Idu, and their geopolitical connections. So, there is clearly more research needed. Time to roll up my sleeves and get to work! 

Before I do, I would like to say a big thanks to the team over at Prometheus Entertainment. They are such an amazing group of professionals with a real passion for what they do. I can't thank them enough for their hospitality. 

Be sure to tune in to the History Channel, Mondays 10/9C to check out all new episodes of Ancient Aliens, season six!

Finally, don't forget to subscribe to my blog for updates, as I will be posting pictures and stories from my trip to the Getty Villa to see the ancient cylinder seal known as, The Cyrus Cylinder

October 11, 2013

Ancient Aliens on History

I will be flying to LA this morning to film for an upcoming  appearance on Ancient Aliens. I am really looking forward to it! Be sure to tune in to the History Channel, Mondays 10/9C to check out the show. Season six is all new!

October 4, 2013

Excited to view the Cyrus Cylinder!

I am very excited! I will be traveling to L.A. on business next weekend. While there, I will be making a stop in Malibu to the Getty Villa for an opportunity to view the Cyrus Cylinder.

On loan from the British Museum, this will be its final stop in the U.S., so I am grateful for the opportunity. Discovered at Babylon in 1879 in the Esagila (the Marduk temple of Babylon), the Cyrus Cylinder is one of the most famous artifacts from the ancient world. It records the conquest of Babylon in 539 B.C.E. by the Persian king, Cyrus the Great (ruled 559–530 B.C.E.) and is often described as "the first charter of human rights."

Cyrus the Great was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the largest empire by geographical extent in ancient times. During his reign, he tried to uphold diverse traditions by encouraging freedom of worship throughout the Persian Empire, restoring previously outlawed religious traditions, and allowing deported people to return to their homelands. He claims to have achieved his success through the help of Marduk, the god of Babylon.

For more information on the Cyrus Cylinder, check out this short presentation from art historian and Director of the British Museum, Neil MacGregor.

October 1, 2013

More on the recent news of the ancient kingdom discovered beneath a mound in Iraq

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During an archaeological survey in 2008, at a site called Satu Qala, a villager brought archaeologists cuneiform inscriptions engraved with the name of an ancient city. The villager reported that the text originated from beneath a mound. The inscriptions identify the city as Idu, dating it to the 12th century BCE. The actual excavations started in the 2010-2011 digging season in cooperation with Leiden University, University of Leipzig, and Iraq’s Salahaddin University. Researchers included students from Erbil and Sulaymaniyah in Iraq.

This latest discovery is quite amazing in that it could add a previously unknown chapter to the history of the Middle Assyrian Empire. Satu Qala is the first identified provincial capital in the eastern part of the empire. Until now, only the western part of the empire had been discovered. Some of the many artifacts found include pottery and a substantial number of cylinder seals.

According to some of the inscriptions deciphered, the flat summit of the mound was the location of the palace of the Middle Assyrian kings. Other inscriptions record the delivery of payments for barley, honey, sesame, and fruit. Though its perimeter has yet to be established, the city turns out to be much larger than previously believed, measuring at least 300 meters (about 984 feet) around the tell. The city of Idu was clearly of great importance and likely used as an administrative center for the surrounding territory.
interestingly, burials were also found oriented in differing directions. The bodies were in various flexed positions, with one on its back with arms crossed over the chest. Archaeologists theorize that these burials may not belong to the Neo-Assyrian or the Middle Assyrian periods since few grave gifts were found. More research will be conducted.

Apart from what has been reported publicly in a recent press release, I have been looking deeply into this story and have uncovered many extraordinary details too voluminous for a simple Facebook, or even blog post. These are details that are not being reported publicly.
Thus, I am compiling a full report, including the translations and pictures of the cylinder seals. Stay tuned…

September 23, 2013

How old is Chess?

Chess is commonly believed to have originated in India as the game, Chaturanga Sanskrit meaning, "four parts", referring to divisions of the military of the Gupta Empire. In about the 6th century CE, it was adapted by the Persians who carried it west to Spain where it spread to Italy and then France. The game made its way to Wales in the 11th century, as a consequence of the Norman incursions, where it became known as Gwyddbwyll. Gwyddbwyll was also known as Fidchell in Ireland. Irish legend has it that Fidchell was actually invented by Lugh, the Irish god of light and was a game played by royalty as well as the gods.

Board games modeled on war, using carved pieces and checkered patterns like Chess, have cross-cultural ties and appear to have been part of the human experience for hundreds, or even thousands of years. In the 5th Century BCE, one of the first known board games modeled on war was the ancient Greek military-style board game, Petteia (aka Poleis, Polis, City, Cities, Pessoi, or Pebbles). The game, Petteia, as Plato and Aristotle called it, was played on boards with black and white stones lined up on opposing sides. The goal was to capture an opponent's stones by blocking them in between two others. Sound familiar?

So it could be argued that the game of Chess has its origins in ancient Greece. However, upon further examination, you will find archaeological evidence suggests board games, like Chess, can be found from the earliest stages of civilization and in all major ancient countries. This is particularly true in the Near East; the cradle of civilization. Numerous game boards with their playing pieces have been discovered in ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Anatolia. While scholars still debate their significance, it is generally agreed that these games were played by people in both higher and lower social classes.

Some of the most ancient archaeological examples of strategic board games were found in the Royal Tombs of Ur in Iraq by Sir Leonard Woolley in the 1920s. These game boards are some of the oldest examples excavated, dating from the First Dynasty of Ur, before 2600 BCE, as seen on the left. However, the trail does not stop here. Senet boards, found in Egyptian tombs, predate the game boards of Ur by almost 1000 years! The oldest hieroglyph depicting a game of Senet dates to about 3100 BCE. The image to the right is of a fresco from the tomb of Nefertari. It depicts Queen Nefertari playing Senet.

Still, new information on the origin of Chess was uncovered as recently as 2013, when a complete set of small carved stones was found in a 5,000-year-old burial mound at Başur Höyük near Siirt in southeast Turkey. The site was inhabited as early as 7,000 BCE and was on a trade route between Mesopotamia and East Anatolia. These game pieces could represent the earliest ever found. The pieces, pictured below, were sculpted in such shapes as pigs, dogs and pyramids, and are painted in green, red, blue, black and white. Archaeologists are still trying to figure out exactly how the game was played, but have determined that it is, indeed, similar to Chess.

So how old is Chess? It seems there is no way to be certain. From an archaeological perspective, its origins are still being unearthed. There does not appear to be a Scholar’s Mate on the horizon for this one. However, one thing is clear, Chess and Chess-like games have spanned many eras and cultures, undergoing numerous adaptations. The next time you sit down to a game of Chess, just think, you are taking part in a living history! For anyone who does not play Chess, you may want to consider trying it. Get back in touch with what it means to be human, as Chess has proven to be a steadfast part of our collective human experience.

Click here to read another ancient use for game pieces. One you might never have expected... 

August 23, 2013

Quick Update

It has been a busy time for me lately so I have not been as diligent about blogging. There are so many projects unfolding and my book, Anthrotheology, is just about ready to launch. It is a very hectic, but very exciting time. So for now, I will just leave you with this thought. 

Never give up! You may be closer than you realize.

August 6, 2013

Bulgarian Archaeologists Uncover Unusually Large Relief of Zeus

Bulgarian archaeologists have discovered an unusually large votive relief of the Greek god Zeus near the Bulgarian village of Starosel, indicating that it was once the center part of an ancient temple. 

The temple is believed to have been built in the 6th or 5th century BCE, and could have very well been the power center of Ancient Thrace in the 4th century BCE. It was subsequently destroyed during the rise of the Macedonian state of Philip II in 342-341 BCE.

In antiquity, Zeus was commonly featured as, or with, an eagle. Strangely, the archaeologists reported that a large eagle appeared in the sky as they were about to uncover the artifact. 

Perhaps it was Zeus watching over them?

August 1, 2013

Radio Appearance—Just Energy Radio with Dr. Rita Louise

Tonight I will be on Just Energy Radio with Dr. Rita Louise. 

Listen Live, Thursday, August 1st from 8:00PM-10PM EST

You can also call in and listen to the show on your phone by dialing: (786)837-2262  

July 31, 2013

You're Invited!

Tickets on sale now! Come see me, Stanton Friedman, Edward Malkowski, Frank Joseph, Maat DeMerritt, Patrick Giles, and Roger Sugden this fall!

I will be signing special edition, pre-released copies of my new book, Anthrotheology

I am really looking forward to this event, not only because of the great speakers, but also because of the venue. The Karpeles Manuscript Library and Museum is amazing! There will also be a pre-conference meet and greet for paid ticket holders at LaSalle Bed and Breakfast on Friday, September 20, 2013. The fact that catered meals are included in the All Day Pass  during the conference, makes this event even more unique. At a ticket price of only $100.00, this event will sell out fast so hurry and grab a seat!!! 

July 27, 2013

STAR Update and Upcoming Angkor Wat Tour

I've been so busy lately with STAR that I have not had a chance to blog as much as usual, nor have I been able to answer everyone's emails in a timely manner, but I want to thank everyone for their support as I work to get my organization, STAR (Society for Truth in Archaeological Research), off the ground. 

Exciting things are coming for STAR! Our online classes are in development, the STAR Journal is coming a long nicely, and our first trip is in the works. It will be a joint collaboration with Ancient Mysteries International this spring so stay tuned!

Here is a sneak peek at where STAR will be going this spring. STAR members are invited to join me on this amazing adventure to Angkor Wat! Get your passports ready! 

July 24, 2013

July 8, 2013

Belief in the Anunnaki

In much of my research into alternative theories of civilization and archaeology, I often come across the Anunnaki. The Anunnakiis a group of ancient Mesopotamian deities headed by Anu, (Sumerian An) the sky god of Uruk and often symbolized by a horned crown on a shrine.
This group of chthonic deities of fertility later became the Judges, or Watchers of the Underworld. These Anunnaki deities have been popularized in more recent time by the late author Zecharia Sitchin, who proposed an explanation for human origins based on his interpretations of Sumerian creation myths, as it relates to the Ancient Alien/Astronaut Theory.
Many who read my blog and follow my work are likely already familiar with Sitchin and have at least a working knowledge of his theories. If you do not, I would suggest a simple Google search of Sitchin will be enough to give you a general idea.
Widely considered controversial at best, Sitchin's theories are routinely dismissed as pseudoscience and his work has been shown to have many flaws. It may be easy to dismiss his claims; however, it is not so easy to dismiss his conviction. Sitchin was a prolific writer and researcher. Though technically an amateur, he was dedicated to researching the fundamental questions of human origins. He must be at least respected for the level of work and gall he had to allow his creativity to fuel his scholarly quest. 
With this being said, I enjoy Sitchin. I am intrigued by its romanticism and I am supremely interested in the overall themes. However, having studied Sumerian creation myths as well as a variety of other myths with the hope of finding some unifying themes, which I have, I must conclude that the Sitchin account is not something in which I believe. Does this mean it has no value? I wouldn't say that. I believe Sitchin and his predecessors, Immanuel Velikovsky and Erich von Däniken have brought to light some interesting ways of looking at myths, artifacts, and society as a whole. However, just as I wouldn’t take the word of any one professor, I would not accept the word of any one author. I think it is important to expand our thinking and entertain theories even if they seem contrary to our belief systems, or even outlandish. At the very least, it spurs creative thinking and offers counter arguments and new perspectives.
So, my suggestion to anyone interested in theories of Anunnaki as our extraterrestrial creators is to do the research yourself and come to your own conclusions. In doing so, be sure to consider many views, from the most fringe to the most sterile and academic. Allow yourself the freedom of both creative and critical thinking. Don’t stop until you have answered all your questions and have filled in all the gaps. Build yourself a framework of historical variables and don’t succumb exclusively to the methods of hard science or Reductionism.
Cartesian style Reductionism is at the heart of modern scientific thinking. This method of understanding says that complex systems can be explained by reducing them to their most basic and fundamental parts. There are many data points that must be in place for Reductionism to work well, a luxury we don’t often have when looking at history or the archaeological record. While this works to some extent, it is not always the most effective approach when dealing with social sciences.
In history, all variables are, in a sense, dependent. To isolate one as independent is to alter the nature of historical development (Gaddis, 2004). Historical variables are not causal. As a historian, archaeologist, or student of the past, there are only pieces of history with which to study. Each variable is a piece of the puzzle as a whole. There is a valid need to generalize based on the variables and their connections to gain a more holistic view of past events.
This is why as a social scientist, I often favor Holism, over Reductionism. I believe that natural systems and their properties should be viewed as wholes, not as collections of parts. I believe that humanity is an extremely complex system whose function cannot be fully understood by its pieces alone. We need creative dot connectors, including Sitchin and others, to help open our minds to possibilities outside of our own intellectual comfort zones. Even Sir Isaac Newton allowed himself the privilege of entertaining theories which science would surely deem superstitious and based in fantasy.

Do I believe in the Anunnaki? If I were limited to Reductionism or semantics I would say no, not in the popular sense. But in a holistic way, I would say I believe there is some greater truth buried deep within the Sumerian myths, as there is with all myths. By studying these myths, this truth can be realized but by limiting ourselves to romantic ideas, semantics, or the word of authority figures, we will forever be vulnerable to the story-telling of anyone with enough charisma to convince us into complacency.

So for now, I personally need more “proof,” but I am happy to be approaching this question with an open heart, and critical mind. Like many truth-seekers, I am still seeking, but you can be sure of one thing, if/when I come across this proof, you will be the first to know! 

June 26, 2013

Come to Cleveland and Let's Toast to Ninkasi, the Sumerian Goddess of Beer!

(Photo) Impression of a Sumerian cylinder seal from the Early Dynastic IIIa period (ca. 2600 BCE; Woolley 1934, pl. 200, no. 102 [BM 121545]). Persons drinking beer are depicted in the upper row. The habit of drinking beer together from a large vessel using long stalks went out of fashion after the decline of Sumerian culture in the 2nd millennium BCE.

Want a rare opportunity to taste an authentic style 5,000-year-old Sumerian beer made by using only clay vessels and a wooden spoon? Then come to Cleveland, Ohio on July 13 and we'll have a beer together and toast to Ninkasi, the Sumerian goddess of beer!

In a joint project with the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, the Great Lakes Brewing Co. will feature a special presentation on the "Sumerian Beer Project” on July 13. The goal of the project was to create the first known beer recipe referenced in the Hymn to Ninkasi.

According to the brewery, they used only rudimentary tools created by the Oriental Institute and have experimented with different ingredients and methods taken from cuneiform texts of the Hymn to Ninkasi. Rather than using modern stainless steel tanks, the Oriental Institute gave the Great Lakes Brewing Co. ceramic vessels modeled after artifacts excavated in Iraq during the 1930s. Nate Gibbon, a brewer at Great Lakes, said he had stood over a ceramic vat, cooking outside on a patch of grass. The fire that heated the vat was fueled by manure! The batch, spiced with cardamom and coriander, fermented for two days, but it was ultimately too sour for the modern tongue, Mr. Gibbon said. Next time, he will sweeten it with honey or dates.

Obtaining a yeast sample from the Middle East proved to be difficult. The brewers originally enlisted an archaeologist to collect yeast samples during his travels, but he was unable to get the sample past customs. They decided to experiment with initiating fermentation using the bappir (barley bread) as their yeast source. The brewery malted its own barley on the roof of the brew house after asking a Cleveland baker to help make a brick-like “beer bread” for use as a source of active yeast.

Great Lakes Brewing has no plan to sell the beer to the public, as it is part of an archaeological research project. However, it will be offering a public tasting of the final brew alongside an identical recipe made with more current brewing techniques at the World Beer Festival, Saturday, July 13 in Cleveland, Ohio. Hope to see you there! 

June 18, 2013

A Concrete Example of the Modern Benefits of Ancient Technology

I will never forget the disbelief I felt when my undergraduate art history professor mentioned that civilization had lost the recipe for concrete. This seemed preposterous. I've walked on a sidewalk before, skipped down the paved path as a child, watching diligently to not step on cracks for fear of “breaking my mother’s back”, as the old saying warned. We have concrete!

What she went on to explain was that the original recipe for the highly durable Roman concrete had been lost to history. For thousands of years, people have tried to reverse engineer this seemingly simple technology. It has been quite a challenge. Though we have concrete now, it is not the same as the concrete used by the Romans. The concrete we use in modernity is actually pretty poor in comparison to the Roman concrete of the past. Think about it for a moment. Roman concrete roads, aqueducts, and structure are still doing well considering there antiquity. Consider all the times you've driven down a road of potholes or walked down a sidewalk with pits and cracks and questioned, “Didn't they just pave this a few years ago?” 

While some of this may be seen as planned obsolesce, it is still testament to the relative inefficiency of modern concrete, most of which lasts only decades. Commonly, what is used is Portland cement. We have been using this recipe for over 200 years, not a bad recipe, but compared with the durability of Roman concrete, it falls flat, especially when exposed to salt water. 

After years of research, scientists in the US and Europe have finally figured out the recipe to Roman concrete. The findings are published in this month's issues of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society and American Mineralogist, a publication to which I’m sure you all subscribe. ;)

According to the scientists, "The Romans made concrete by mixing lime and volcanic rock. For underwater structures, lime and volcanic ash were mixed to form mortar, and this mortar and volcanic tuff were packed into wooden forms. The seawater instantly triggered a hot chemical reaction. The lime was hydrated – incorporating water molecules into its structure – and reacted with the ash to cement the whole mixture together." It is because of this lime and volcanic ash mixture that Roman concrete has such tremendous binding ability. 

It gets better, though. Not only is this concrete far superior in durability, but unlike modern concrete, it is more environmentally sustainable. The manufacturing of most modern concrete accounts for 7% of greenhouse gas emissions. With these new, ancient methods, we have the potential to make amazingly durable structures and live in harmony with the environment. 

I wonder what other lost technology we may find and for use in modernity? It is my belief that ancient civilizations possessed a number of technologies that we may never fully understand. Since they used the natural resources around them, a lot of evidence of such “green” technologies may have simply decayed or been lost to history, though some have not. 

Between the pyramids, Baghdad Battery, and the Antikythera mechanism, just to name a few, there is little doubt that the ancients were far more advanced than they are commonly depicted. 

June 13, 2013

NASA's Latest Discovery of Possible Ancient Life on Mars and the Man from Clay Monomyth

NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell Univ./Arizona State Univ.

A recent report from NASA says that samples taken from the surface of Mars has indicated the presence of clay and other minerals, indicating a long history of contact with water. 

According to the scientists, “Clay minerals tend to form only at a more neutral pH. This is water you could drink. It was much more favorable for things like prebiotic chemistry – the kind that could lead to the origin of life.” Since Mars was warmer and wetter billions of years ago, it could have theoretically sustained life. 

What is interesting to me is that clay and water have been an important reference point to life throughout history. Perhaps the ancients knew something we do not? Could complex organisms arise from such simple material as clay? Here is just a short look at the universality of the “Man from Clay” myth from varied translations, cultures, and regions: 

Assyro-Babylonian: Aruru (Ninmah, Nintu, Ninhursaga, Belet-ili, Mami) - made Enkidu in Anu's image by pinching off a piece of clay, throwing it into the wilderness, and birthing him there. 

Canaan-Ugaritic: According to Gibson's translation, "men are considered made of 'clay'."

Sumerian: According to Samuel Noah Kramer (Tablets of Sumer, Colorado,1956) Nammu and Ninmah, mixed clay which was 'over the abyss' and brought man into existence. Gods were having difficulty in finding food, and their problems have increased when the later born goddesses joined them. Enki the water god - he was the god of wisdom and in a position to help them - was fast asleep in the sea and did not hear their complaints. Enki's mother Mother of all Gods Nammu brought the tears of the complainants to Enki and told him in their presence: "O! my son, get off your bed... do what is wise. Give shape to (make some) servants to gods. Let them make their own copies.(?)" Enki thinks, decides to head the 'union of good and bright modelists' and says to Nammu: 'O! mother, the creature you have mentioned exists: Put the image of gods(?) on him. Shape his heart from the clay on the surface of the Bottomless Deep. Good and bright modelists will thicken this clay. You make its organs; Ninmah (Goddess of Earth) will work in front of you. While you are making a model…goddesses of birth will be with you. O! mother decide on the faith of the newborn, let Ninmah put the image of gods on it: This is the human."

Ancient Egyptian: Khnum, the ram-headed god of Elephantine, the potter, fashioned men on his wheel, making use of the clay in his locality as his basic material.

Ancient Greeks: Prometheus shaped man out of clay and Athena breathed life into this clay figure.

The Qur'an, the lord says "I am going to create a human being out of clay. When I have formed him and breathed My Spirit into him, fall down in prostration to him!" (Qur'an, 38:71-72), Then inquire of them: Is it they who are stronger in structure or other things We have created? We created them from sticky clay. (Qur'an, 37:11)

The Pangwe of Cameroun say that God first created a lizard out of clay which he placed in a pool to soak. He left it there for seven days, and then called ‘Man, come out’, and a man emerged instead of a lizard.

The Inca: "There he raised up all the people and nations, making figures of clay and painting the clothes each nation was to wear. To each nation he gave a language, songs and the seeds they were to sow. Then he breathed life and soul into the clay and ordered each nation to pass under the earth and emerge in the place he directed."

In Asia, The Bagobos, a pagan tribe of South-Eastern Mindanao, say that a god took two lumps of earth, shaped them like human figures, and spat on them; so they became man and woman.

Due to the monomythic nature of the "Man from Clay" narrative, some scientists have tried to study its possibility. 

According to the findings of scientists, Martin Hanczyc, Shelly Fujikawa and Jack Szostak at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston and published in the highly reputable journal Science (vol 302, p 618 ), it may appear possible that life can originate from clay particles and water. After experiments, the team found that the two crucial components for the origin of life (genetic material and cell membranes) could have been introduced to one another by a lump of clay. 

They studied montmorillonite clay and concluded that it can dramatically accelerate the formation of membranous fluid-filled sacs. These sacs can grow and undergo a simple form of division, giving them the properties of primitive cells. Previous work has shown that the same simple mineral can help assemble the genetic material RNA from simpler chemicals. 

Leslie Orgel, an origin of life expert at the Salk Institute for Biological Sciences in San Diego, California has noted that “the clay also gets internalized in these sacs”, postulating a connection between the mechanism that creates RNA and encloses it in a membrane. One theory about how this works is that the negatively charged layers of clay’s crystals create a trapping of positive charge, creating a highly attractive environment for RNA subunits to concentrate and join together into long chains. In their research with clay, it was seen to have a 100-fold acceleration of the formation of these sacs. Once formed, the sacs were able to use bits of clay and grow by absorbing more fatty acid subunits. They essentially made "protocells” that could divide, grow, and evolve. 

This fits very well with not only ancient “Man from Clay” myths, but it also fits the scientific research showing how the basic building blocks for RNA-like molecules and membranes can be spontaneously created by chemical reactions that could occur not only on a primordial Earth, but outer space as well.

Considering all of this in relation to the new findings by NASA, it really shows just how important the discovery of clay on Mars is. Could this mean there were complex life forms on Mars billions of years ago? If the theory of panspermia is accurate, could life on Earth have been a result of primordial seeding of this material from Mars? This is especially interesting to think about when considering the ancient creation myths. 

There are too many uncertainties to conclusively answer any of these questions. To me, this is precisely why it is such an exciting subject. One thing is certain; we have only scratched the surface!  

June 5, 2013

Excavation to Search for E.T. in New Mexico Desert?!

Yes. You read that correctly. 

Weird, but true, local authorities have granted a Canadian film company permission to excavate a New Mexico landfill in search of a unique artifact. 

The mysterious relic they are seeking? 

The Atari video game of E.T., inspired by the 1982 Steven Spielberg film. Though the film was a blockbuster success, the video game was a flop and considered to be one of the worst video games of all time. 

But why would E.T. be in New Mexico? (Insert Roswell E.T. joke here.)

Buried deep in a New Mexico desert, there is rumored to be an Atari graveyard. Here, it is believed that numerous truckloads of games were dumped in September of 1983. The film company is planning to document their exploration. 

When authorities were asked, Alamogordo, New Mexico's District 1 Commissioner Jason Baldwin admitted to having played the E.T. Atari game and confirmed that, it "indeed, was horrible".

May 30, 2013

Hidden in Plain Sight! The World's Oldest Complete Torah Scroll!

In the archives at Bologna University in Italy, a 118 ft long scroll of the complete Torah was discovered to be much older than previously believed. The scroll was re-examined by Professor Mauro Perani, who had noticed that the writing appeared to be from a Babylonian tradition, containing letters and symbols that were later forbidden by Jewish scholars. This would mean that the Torah would actually be more than 800 years old, as opposed to the earlier dating to the 17th century.

How can we be certain of the new date of the scroll?

Since the scroll is on lamb skin, it was able to be carbon dated. The tests by the University of Salento in Italy and the University of Illinois in the US, confirmed the theory, dating the text to between 1155 and 1225 CE. So congratulations to this sleuthy professor and his meticulous detective work!

The university plans to photograph and upload digital images onto their library’s website. Soon, everyone will be able to view this amazing re-discovery!

May 29, 2013

Follow-up Report Coming Soon!

Former CIA Director and Defense Secretary Robert Gates, receiving a tour of the Ziggurat of Ur, Iraq, Jan. 19, 2007.

I am almost finished writing my next report which will be available this summer!

In my recent publication The Sumerian Controversy, available now on Amazon, I lifted the veil and exposed the elite political and corporate power structure behind the latest discovery near the ancient city or Ur. 

In this follow-up, I push the boundaries of the accepted narrative, presenting an unbiased look at the hypotheses and beliefs of today's leading theorists. Ancient aliens, suppressed technology, stargates, free energy, ancient wisdom, the search for royal bloodlines; these are just some of the many alternative theories that have been proposed to explain the secrecy behind recent Sumerian archaeological excavations. 

Could any of this be true, or is it all wild speculation? What does science say? Where is the evidence? Is it being hidden? What are the possible implications? 

How far down this path would you be willing to travel?

May 14, 2013


I am excited to announce that I have signed with OWRN – Other World Radio Network™, as permanent radio show host. I am really looking forward to being part of this amazing team of truthseekers. The OWRN team is on the leading edge of bringing forward the truth on exopolitics, alternative history, ancient mysteries, hidden technologies, forbidden sciences, and real health solutions. 

I will be premiering on OWRN on “Other World Radio” in June 2013. Additional information will be released on show dates and times by going to

I will also update everyone on my Facebook.

May 7, 2013

RIP Ray Harryhausen

RIP to my favorite filmmaker, Ray Harryhausen (June 29, 1920 – May 7, 2013). This cinematic legend was known for his pioneering use of stop-motion animation he dubbed, "Dynamation.". He brought a number of ancient tales to life in classic films like my personal favorites, Clash of the Titans, the 7th Voyage of Sinbad, and Jason and the Argonauts.

Ray Harryhausen's spanning career influenced film makers such as Steven Spielberg, James Cameron, Peter Jackson, George Lucas and John Landis. In a full statement released by the family, George Lucas said, "Without Ray Harryhausen, there would likely have been no Star Wars".

As a child, I remember seeing Clash of the Titans for the very first time. It was on network TV one rainy afternoon and I remember the amazement and fear I felt when I saw Calibos snarl on screen. These films brought mythology to life and helped solidify my love of classics by instilling a sense of wonder and imagination that live in my heart to this day.

No matter what technologically advanced special effects films may use today, or in the future, nothing can compare to the beauty, art, and craftsmanship of Ray Harryhausen. He will be missed.

Here is a link to the The Ray & Diana Harryhausen Foundation.

May 1, 2013

It’s May Day!

May 1, or "May Day", has been celebrated around the world for a very long time. Early observances were likely derived from the spring festivals of ancient Babylon, Egypt and India, which is often the case. However, today its celebrations more closely resemble those of its pagan European origins.

The month of May is named after the Greek fertility goddess Maia, considered the most beautiful of the Seven Sisters, the Pleiades. She was the mother of Hermes, god of magic. Like many old world festivals, it celebrated fertility and developed into a type of “agrarian magic” to bless the first spring planting. The ancient Celts and Saxons celebrated May 1st as Beltane, a fire festival. The word 'Beltane' originates from the Celtic God 'Bel', meaning 'the bright one' and the Gaelic word 'teine' meaning fire.

During a time where societies were hunter-gatherer, evening celebrations on the night before May Day included people chanting and singing, blowing hunting horns, and lighting bonfires. This was sometimes led by a person dressed as Diana, Goddess of the Hunt, with someone else dressed as the horned god, Herne.

As time passed and society turned more agrarian, Diana and Herne came to be seen as fertility deities of the crops and fields. Diana became the Queen of the May, believed to be the origin of the modern tradition of pageant and festival queens. Herne became Robin Goodfellow, seen as a predecessor of Robin Hood, also known as the Green Man. The Green Man was a protective woodland spirit. He can be seen on many pieces of folk art as well as church decoration, even today.

An iconic symbol of May Day has been the Maypole, an important part of the festivities, though scholars debate about its origin and meaning. Some say it represents an Axis Mundi, the world's center or a connection between Heaven and Earth. Others say its roots are in traditional Germanic reverence of sacred trees. Some believe it could have originated from the Roman’s worship of the god Priapu and is a phallic symbol. According to some anthropologists, the explanation for the Maypole is that of simply symbolizing the growth of new vegetation.

Regardless of its origin, the Maypole tradition still takes place in many areas around the world, as do a number of diverse celebrations to usher in springtime.

Best wishes to all on this first day of May!

April 29, 2013

More News from the Latest Discovery Near Ur

Here are some photos of the newest artifacts coming out of the excavation near the ancient city or Ur. 

Various bits of pottery and artifacts have been systematically collected, bagged up and shipped out for further analysis. 

Also, a rim fragment from a once magnificent alabaster bowl has been found. 

Next, there is a mysterious item made from rare and expensive diorite that has been recovered. Theories for what this artifact is have ranged from a recycled chip of larger relic to possibly a game piece. No one knows for certain yet. 

Finally, the shallow grave of an infant was found just under the surface. The gender of the infant is still unclear. Its body was placed into a pottery jar which was then laid on its side.

There have been many more, one in particular that is potentially revealing that I will speak about tonight on OWRN. 

Stay tuned! I will be posting more photos from this excavation tomorrow!

April 25, 2013

*Valley of the Burger Kings

Recent excavations unearth a plethora of animal bones at a labor settlement near the Egyptian Sphinx. What has been referred to as a “massive catering-type operation” is believed to be how the “pyramid builders” obtained their nutritional protein.

Located about 1,300 feet south of the Sphinx, the Lost City of the Pyramid Builders, also known by its Arabic name, Heit el-Ghurab, has provided evidence that large numbers of livestock were regularly consumed on site.

Through a combination of animal bone findings and nutritional data analysis, archaeologists estimate that over 4,000 pounds of meat were slaughtered daily to feed the laborers. Still unsure of the exact number of bones, the current estimate is comprised of 25,000 sheep and goats, 8,000 cattle and 1,000 pigs.

What a “meat-normous” discovery!

*Thank you to my friend Neil B.M. Stevenson from the U.K. for that clever bit of humor!